NCDs

Non-communicable Diseases

Noncommunicable diseases (NCDs), also known as chronic diseases, are not passed from person to person. They are of long duration and generally slow progression. The four main types of noncommunicable diseases are cardiovascular diseases (like heart attacks and stroke), cancers, chronic respiratory diseases (such as chronic obstructed pulmonary disease and asthma) and diabetes.
Source: http://www.who.int/topics/noncommunicable_diseases/en/

NTDs

Neglected Tropical Diseases

Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTDs), encompass all diseases that occur solely, or principally, in the tropics. In practice, the term is often taken to refer to infectious diseases that thrive in hot, humid conditions, such as malaria, leishmaniasis, schistosomiasis, onchocerciasis, lymphatic filariasis, Chagas disease, African trypanosomiasis, and dengue.

Source: http://www.who.int/topics/tropical_diseases/en/

The COHESION project focuses on:

NCDs: diabetes and hypertension.
This is due to the high burden of these conditions and the importance of PHC and community disease management.

NTDs: Schistosomiasis (Mozambique), Neurocysticercosis (Peru), and Leprosy (Nepal), highlight distinctive elements of the health system and link back to the use of these as tracer conditions for health system capacity to manage NCDs and NTDs.