Preliminary findings of the household survey in Nepal show that a total of 6245 people lived in 1209 households with an average family size of 5.17 ±2.02. Females were lesser in proportion (48.8%) than males and most of the people were living in nuclear families (64%). About one fourth of them were illiterate. The main source of drinking water was tube well among majority (97%) of the households and most of the households (68.2%) used firewood as a source of fuel for cooking. A quarter of households still practiced open field defecation. More than three fourth of them (78.1%) living below the poverty line.

About 66% of the households consulted a health care institution for health problems in the past one year. Among those who had visited PHC (41.4%) for consultation, 93.8% reported of having received information about their health problems; however 20.6% of them did not get sufficient time to ask for clarification. Although 47% of them were referred to other health institutions, almost half of them rated the service of PHC to be good. Most of them (70.5%) could reach the PHC by walking and about 29% of them were not accompanied by anybody during the visit to the PHC.

Among the health problems reported, there were two cases of leprosy, more than 8% were diabetes and about 9% were hypertension.


Apart from health workers such as doctors, nurses, health assistants and auxiliary health workers, and female community health volunteer, people also seek advice regarding health problems from their friends (10.6%), relatives (23%), neighbor (7.1%) and traditional healers (12%). None of the people had any form of health insurance.